détente cold war

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This new policy proscription can be seen in two primary ways. When Eisenhower took office, he removed U.S. troops from Korea and began a buildup of America's nuclear arsenal in place of conventional weapons and ground forces. - Biography & Rule, Sputnik to the Internet: How Technology and Science Have Changed Society since WWII, Communism and the Cuban Revolution: Castro, the Bay of Pigs & the Cuban Missile Crisis, Post-War Europe: the Berlin Airlift & the Marshall Plan, Post-War Asia: Korea's Partition & Reconstruction of Japan's Government, Post-War Soviet Union & Eastern Europe: The Descent of the Iron Curtain, Gorbachev's Policies of Glasnost and Perestroika: Explanation and Significance, The History of 'In God We Trust' on Currency, The SALT Treaties 1 & 2: Nuclear Non-Proliferation, The North Atlantic Treaty of 1949: History & Article 5, What is NATO? Both signed several treaties which made less amount of nuclear weapons each country had. … Third, Nixon sought to take advantage of the Sino-Soviet split, open China to the West, and use China as a wedge against the Soviet Union. Log in or sign up to add this lesson to a Custom Course. Detente Facts - 2: During the 1960s and the 1970s, there were signs of a thawing of relationships between the United States and the Soviet Union in the ongoing Cold War (1945 - 1991). Nixon’s trip to China had also heightened the Soviets’ interest in détente; given the growing antagonism between Russia and China, Brezhnev had no wish to see his most potent rivals close ranks against him. imaginable degree, area of Get College Credit For Your Military Experience, May Is National Military Appreciation Month, More College Grads Enrolling in the Military, Master of Fine Arts (MFA) Programs in Indiana, Online Orthopedic Technician Courses and Training Programs, Online Graduate Certificate Programs in Cybersecurity, AP World History - Foundational Concepts: Tutoring Solution, AP World History - Major Belief Systems: Tutoring Solution, AP World History - Ancient Times: Tutoring Solution, AP World History - Ancient Middle East: Tutoring Solution, AP World History - Ancient China, Africa, India & America: Tutoring Solution, AP World History - Ancient Greece: Tutoring Solution, AP World History - Hellenism and Athenian Philosophy: Tutoring Solution, AP World History - The Rise of the Roman Republic: Tutoring Solution, AP World History - The Fall of the Roman Empire: Tutoring Solution, AP World History - The Dark Ages: Tutoring Solution, AP World History - Early Middle Ages: Tutoring Solution, AP World History - The Medieval Warm Period: Tutoring Solution, AP World History - The High Middle Ages: Tutoring Solution, AP World History - Asia, Africa & America (1000-1300 CE): Tutoring Solution, AP World History - The Late Middle Ages: Tutoring Solution, AP World History - The Renaissance: Tutoring Solution, AP World History - The Age of Exploration: Tutoring Solution, AP World History - The Reformation Across Europe: Tutoring Solution, AP World History - The Elizabethan Era: Tutoring Solution, AP World History - The Enlightenment: Tutoring Solution, AP World History - Political, Technological, and Intellectual Developments (1750-1914): Tutoring Solution, AP World History - Colonialism: Tutoring Solution, AP World History - Imperialism: Tutoring Solution, AP World History - World War I: Tutoring Solution, AP World History - World War II: Tutoring Solution, Détente, the Cold War & Nixon: Definition & Policy, AP World History - The Cold War and Other 20th Century World History: Tutoring Solution, AP World History - A Globalized World - 1980 & Beyond: Tutoring Solution, Portions of the AP World History Exam: Tutoring Solution, How to Write a Good Essay on Your AP World History Exam: Tutoring Solution, Developing and Writing Your AP World History Exam Essay: Tutoring Solution, Praxis World & U.S. History - Content Knowledge (5941): Practice & Study Guide, DSST A History of the Vietnam War: Study Guide & Test Prep, CLEP Western Civilization II: Study Guide & Test Prep, Western Civilization From 1648 to Today: Certificate Program, Western Civilization 1648 to the Present: Help and Review, Western Civilization Since 1648: Homework Help Resource, Post-Civil War U.S. History: Help and Review, AP European History: Homework Help Resource, SAT Subject Test US History: Practice and Study Guide, High School World History: Tutoring Solution, WWI Chemical Warfare: Poison Gas & Gas Masks, Ancient Roman Monarchy: Timeline & Overview, Ancient Roman Patricians: Definition & Overview, Quiz & Worksheet - Bronze Age Greece & Schliemann's Work, Quiz & Worksheet - Greek City-States and Governments, Quiz & Worksheet - Mycenae's Collapse & Greek Colonization, Quiz & Worksheet - Greek Myth and Religion, Quiz & Worksheet - History of the Alphabet, Major Battles & Offensives of the Vietnam War, The Vietnam War After American Involvement, AP European History - Overview of the Renaissance: Homework Help, California Sexual Harassment Refresher Course: Supervisors, California Sexual Harassment Refresher Course: Employees. By the end of the seventies this détente was over for several reasons. STUDY. just create an account. Americans had long been wary of Soviet communism and concerned about Russian leader Joseph Stalin’s ...read more, Perestroika (“restructuring” in Russian) refers to a series of political and economic reforms meant to kick-start the stagnant 1980s economy of the Soviet Union. [2] In French, détente means “calm, relaxation, easing.” The ultimate aim of détente, according to Cold War historian John Lewis Gaddis, was to shape Soviet behavior to ultimately alter its conception of international relations and integrate it into normal international activity. One period of relaxation developed in the early 1970s and became known as "Détente," a French word meaning "release of tensions." credit by exam that is accepted by over 1,500 colleges and universities. He and Brezhnev signed seven agreements covering the prevention of accidental military clashes; arms control, as recommended by the recent Strategic Arms Limitation Talks (salt); cooperative research in a variety of areas, including space exploration; and expanded commerce. Confronted with the evidence of his nation’s espionage, ...read more, During World War II, the United States and the Soviet Union fought together as allies against the Axis powers. Nixon pursued this new policy for several reasons. Get access risk-free for 30 days, The Soviets were prepared to come to an agreement on arms control as a reduction in arms spending would have economic and social benefits for the Soviet leadership. Sciences, Culinary Arts and Personal This was the situation Nixon inherited when he was elected. However, there are many conceptions and characteristics of détente: superpower détente (such as ‘Nixinger's, Leonid Brezhnev's or Mao Zedong/ Zhou Enlai's détente), European détente (such as Charles de Gaulle's détente and Willy Brandt's Ostpolitik) and, to a lesser extent, small powers' détente. Now that the Soviets had nuclear capabilities rivaling those of the U.S., both countries agreed that something had to be done. While their ideological and economic systems rendered them incompatible, both acknowledged the need for negotiation, compromise and working together. Copyright © 1991 by Houghton Mifflin Harcourt Publishing Company. On May 22 Nixon became the first U.S. president to visit Moscow. Détente connotes different things to different states (and states… willcrisp. Did you know… We have over 220 college During the course of the Cold War, tensions rose and fell many times. Détente marked a shift in Cold War policy under President Nixon. These historic meetings ended with reopening China to the United States and a promise to restore full diplomatic relations, which was finalized under President Carter. Quiz & Worksheet - Détente in the Cold War, Over 83,000 lessons in all major subjects, {{courseNav.course.mDynamicIntFields.lessonCount}}, The Cold War: Definition, Causes & Early Events, United States Involvement in the Korean War: Causes and Effects, The Vietnam War: Causes, Conflicts & Effects, Muslim and Hindu Conflict in India and the Partition of India and Pakistan, Mohandas Gandhi: Beliefs, Accomplishments & Assassination, Who was Jawaharlal Nehru? What was important about ping-pong diplomacy? The fall of China to the communists in 1949 appeared to have created a powerful new ally for the Soviet Union. This is the first time during the war in which weapons production is encouraged to cease and the growing fear of an imminent nuclear war is subsided ("Détente"). The main example of a détente was during the Cold War.In the 1970's, the United States and the Soviet Union improved relations. The era was a time of increased trade and cooperation with the Soviet Union and the signing of the Strategic Arms Limitation Talks (SALT) treaties. This video explains detente - the period in the 1960s and 60's when there was a thaw in the Cold War and the US and USSR seemed to be cooperating. The lesson Nixon learned from the Vietnam War was that the U.S. had to scale back its military commitments. Cold War: Détente. Between 1968 and 1975, there was a subtle thawing of relations between East and West, for which Brezhnev coined the name Détente, and – perhaps – a chance to end the Cold War. The main purpose of this chapter is to argue that European détente was, first and foremost, a European project. With the election of Ronald Reagan, who emphasized military preparedness as the key to Soviet-American relations, détente as Nixon had envisioned it came to an end. It lasted through the 1970s, starting with the Nixon administration and ending with the Carter administration. All rights reserved. Get the Most From Your GI Bill Benefits, Become a Military Psychologist: Education and Career Roadmap, GIs: Thinking About a Degree? This would set up the SALT II talks under President Carter, which added more restrictions. Learn. The policy of détente was rooted both in world events and in a new ideological orientation by the Nixon White House. But if you see something that doesn't look right, click here to contact us! The era was a time of increased trade and cooperation with the Soviet Union and the signing of the SALT treaties. Why did the period of détente end in a Second Cold War? Log in here for access. Quiz & Worksheet - Who is Francis Nurse in The Crucible? Fourth, Nixon wanted Europe to assume a larger role in its own defense. While the period of détente resulted in productive negotiations and treaties on nuclear arms control and improved diplomatic relations, events at the end of the decade would bring the superpowers back to the brink of … Another reason for détente was the growing industrial and economic might of countries in Asia, Africa, and the Middle East. credit-by-exam regardless of age or education level. Second, the U.S.S.R. had reached parity with the U.S. in its nuclear arsenal, and it made sense to reduce these stockpiles to reduce tensions. This détente took several forms, including increased discussion on arms control. When Kennedy took office, he opted for a 'flexible response'. However, the relationship between the two nations was a tense one. The Cold War Detente peaked in 1975, the year of the Helsinki Accords between the Soviet bloc and the West, and died in 1979, the year of the USSR’s invasion of Afghanistan. Detente, period of the easing of Cold War tensions between the United States and the Soviet Union from 1967 to 1979. In that sense détente has always been with us. Create your account, Already registered? About Détente. 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There is still ongoing debate among historians as to how successful the détente period was in achieving peace. Between the late 1960s and the late 1970s, there was a thawing of the ongoing Cold War between the United States and the Soviet Union. There are different opinions about the nature of Cold War Détente. In addition, Nixon–a candidate for reelection–was under fire at home from those demanding social change, racial equality, and an end to the Vietnam War. While there is no denying the significance of the United States and the Soviet Union in the shaping of Europe’s fortunes in the 1960s and 1970s, détente … Sociology 110: Cultural Studies & Diversity in the U.S. CPA Subtest IV - Regulation (REG): Study Guide & Practice, Positive Learning Environments in Physical Education, Curriculum Development for Physical Education, Creating Routines & Schedules for Your Child's Pandemic Learning Experience, How to Make the Hybrid Learning Model Effective for Your Child, Distance Learning Considerations for English Language Learner (ELL) Students, Roles & Responsibilities of Teachers in Distance Learning, Safety Rules & Procedures for P.E. The Cold War contained an international order, which detente was an attempt to 'extend and codify': the superpowers aimed at strategic stability through deterrence, with alliances to reduce the risk of miscalculation by containing problems, and mutual recognition of spheres of influence signalled 'tacit codes of conduct'. Relations cooled again with the Soviet invasion of … © copyright 2003-2021 Study.com. Hope détente with USSR and China would put pressure on North Vietnam to end the war; China’s reasons for Détente. Incredibly, Nixon had pulled off what no U.S. president had done in over twenty years. In May 1972, Nixon made the first of two visits to Moscow to meet with Soviet leader Leonid Brezhnev for treaty talks. In response, Kennedy created Special Forces units for small-scale ground operations. The Detente was a turning point of the Cold War because it not only highlighted the largest problems of the conflict but also addressed society’s growing unhappiness with the dispute. This 24-episode series, narrated by Kenneth Branagh, is a comprehensive history that examines the key events of the arc of the Soviet Union, from its birth to its fall, and provides a thorough analysis of what was going on behind closed doors. Gravity. Working Scholars® Bringing Tuition-Free College to the Community. Spell. Not sure what college you want to attend yet? In June 1973, Brezhnev visited the United States for Summit II; this meeting added few new agreements, but did symbolize the two countries’ continuing commitment to peace. The cold war never flared into a widespread or nuclear engagement. Classrooms, Kurtz in Heart of Darkness: Quotes & Analysis, Arctic Tundra Abiotic Factors: Climate & Weather, The Role of Proxemics in Communication & Productions, Real Estate Consumer Protections in Delaware, Hawaii Land History: Overview & Related Laws, Primary Source: 1945 Act of Military Surrender. The best examples of détente during the Cold War are SALT I, SALT II, the Anti-Ballistic Missile Treaty and the Helsinki Accords. The Truman Doctrine, for example, was a U.S. pledge to support any nation struggling against communist aggression. The treaty, which President John F. Kennedy signed ...read more, An international diplomatic crisis erupted in May 1960 when the Union of Soviet Socialist Republics (USSR) shot down an American U-2 spy plane in Soviet air space and captured its pilot, Francis Gary Powers (1929-77). Best Military Student Resource, People's Choice Awards, Military Psychologist: Job Duties and Education Requirements, 10 Perfect Majors for Students with Military Experience, 15 Scholarships for Students in the Military, Are You Military? Nuclear weapons were not practical in most situations, and the Cuban Missile Crisis illuminated the dangers of the nuclear age. As a case in point, it culminated in the Korean War. courses that prepare you to earn 's' : ''}}. Second, the Soviet Union had reached nuclear parity, or equality, with the U.S. in nuclear weapons, and it became too dangerous to continue this rigid standoff. Berlin, the German capital city, was located deep in the Soviet zone, but it was also divided into four ...read more. You can test out of the Cold War, by CNN Perspectives. Détente, period of the easing of Cold War tensions between the U.S. and the Soviet Union from 1967 to 1979. Détente marked a crossroads in American foreign policy and a timely commitment to reduce U.S.-Soviet tensions. Create an account to start this course today. study Détente was a period in which Cold War tensions eased between the Soviet Union and the United States from the late 1960s to 1979. Nixon recognized the need for a new foreign policy without abandoning the logic of containment (preventing hostile influences from expanding). You have a concrete enemy who is the source of all evil . The salt treaty was approved by Congress later that summer, as was a three-year agreement on the sale of grain to the Soviets. https://www.history.com/topics/cold-war/detente. Détente (a French word meaning release from tension) is the name given to a period of improved relations between the United States and the Soviet Union that began tentatively in … Key Concepts: Terms in this set (55) What does détente mean? Select a subject to preview related courses: Nixon's China strategy worked, and the Soviet Union reached out to Nixon. {{courseNav.course.topics.length}} chapters | The leaders of the United States and the Soviet Union, Richard Nixon and Leonid Brezhnev, hoped to forge a new relationship between East and West. Test. First, Nixon recognized that the world could not be easily divided into democratic and communist blocs. Relations cooled again following the Soviet invasion of Afghanistan. (Background) - 'détente' → 1968-1980, ended with the victory of Ronald Reagan - 'détente' means a relaxation of tensions - in 1970s, it was used to describe the US attempts to establish a more stable and cooperative relationship with the USSR To unlock this lesson you must be a Study.com Member. Détente marked a shift in Cold War policy under President Nixon. It was designed to relax tensions with the Soviet Union, reduce nuclear arsenals, and limit military commitments. The Cold War between the United States and the Soviet Union is perhaps the largest and most expensive arms race in ...read more, The Berlin Blockade was an attempt in 1948 by the Soviet Union to limit the ability of the United States, Great Britain and France to travel to their sectors of Berlin, which lay within Russian-occupied East Germany. Détente and Arms Control, 1969–1979. An 'American lake' in the 1950s, a battlefield for influence in the Cold War of the 1960s, and an increasingly important political arena for the oil-rich Gulf States in the 1970s, the Mediterranean offers a focal point around which the major themes and narratives of Cold War history were constructed. PLAY. Get the unbiased info you need to find the right school. Detente. 1972-91. Section 6 (Cold War): Détente. For a full generation a recognition of the limitless perils of nuclear warfare has acted as a powerful force of restraint both in Moscow and in Washington. This created the idea that the threat of 'mutually assured destruction' would discourage a nuclear war. The world experienced much detente during the 1970s for a number of reasons: Vietnam – The war in Vietnam shocked people. GCSE History, Edexcel A syllabus, International Relations, Section 6 - Why Did The Cold War End? To learn more, visit our Earning Credit Page. However, it would continue to support its allies solely through military and financial aid. Détente was characterized by warm personal relationships between US president Richard Nixon (1969–1974) and Soviet leader Leonid Brezhnev (1964–1982). Nixon saw an opportunity to repair the relationship between China and the U.S. The Reader’s Companion to American History. PLAY. . All other trademarks and copyrights are the property of their respective owners. The U.S. and China had not had diplomatic relations since 1949. In July 1971, he secretly sent Secretary of State Henry Kissinger to China on a diplomatic mission, following up with a visit of his own in February 1972 to meet with Premier Zhou Enlai and Chairman Mao Zedong. | {{course.flashcardSetCount}} Visit the AP World History: Tutoring Solution page to learn more. Eric Foner and John A. Garraty, Editors. Flashcards. However, this policy enabled the escalation of the U.S. involvement in the Vietnam conflict, which President Johnson plunged the U.S. into, vastly overextending America's reach. In a cold-war environment, everything moves on the level of a cheap western. Its architect, President Mikhail Gorbachev, would oversee the most fundamental changes to his nation’s economic ...read more, In 1949, the prospect of further Communist expansion prompted the United States and 11 other Western nations to form the North Atlantic Treaty Organization (NATO). flashcard set{{course.flashcardSetCoun > 1 ? That is where the term was originated. STUDY. First, the U.S. had overextended itself in Vietnam, and the nation was exhausted from war. first two years of college and save thousands off your degree. {{courseNav.course.mDynamicIntFields.lessonCount}} lessons Why did Richard Nixon want to improve relations with China? All rights reserved. Previous administrations had struggled with how best to manage U.S.-Soviet tensions. Services. Though he largely pursued a policy of peaceful coexistence with the West, the Cuban Missile Crisis began after he positioned nuclear weapons 90 miles from ...read more, An arms race occurs when two or more countries increase the size and quality of military resources to gain military and political superiority over one another. The philosophy of détente is much more sophisticated and … On August 5, 1963, representatives of the United States, Soviet Union and Great Britain signed the Limited Nuclear Test Ban Treaty, which prohibited the testing of nuclear weapons in outer space, underwater or in the atmosphere. Détente and Deterrence in the Cold War Nelson. The West German chancellor, Willy Brandt, adopted his Ostpolitik policy, which accepted the division of Germany and endorsed the status quo arrangement. and career path that can help you find the school that's right for you. The two leaders signed several agreements, but the two most important were the Strategic Arms Limitation Treaty (SALT 1) and Anti-Ballistic Treaty (ABM), which collectively limited the size, range, and number of launching sites of nuclear weapons. . From the late 1960s to the late 1970s, the Cold War was highlighted by a period known as “détente” – a welcome easing of tensions between the United States and the Soviet Union. The Soviet Union and its affiliated Communist nations in Eastern Europe founded a rival alliance, the Warsaw Pact, ...read more, Nikita Khrushchev (1894-1971) led the Soviet Union during the height of the Cold War, serving as premier from 1958 to 1964. Also both the USA and USSR had huge stockpiles of weapons. - Definition & Country Members, Effects of the Vietnam War on American Policy, Biological and Biomedical In June 1948, the simmering tensions between the Soviet Union ...read more, After World War II, the Allies partitioned the defeated Germany into a Soviet-occupied zone, an American-occupied zone, a British-occupied zone and a French-occupied zone. Several newly independent nations, such as India, had adopted a policy of non-alignment; also, the China-Soviet feud further illustrated the diversity even within the communist world. All Rights Reserved. Nixon's policy of détente - a French word meaning 'release from tensions' - marked a crossroads in American foreign policy and a timely commitment to reduce U.S.-Soviet tensions. In short, the world became too big to manage, and it was essential to shift to a policy of assistance rather than military engagement. © 2021 A&E Television Networks, LLC. Created by. Keith L.. ... Studies of particular aspects of policymaking in the Cold War, such as these two studies, and of episodes and interactions of the Cold War, remain important for the contribution they can make to our understanding. Anyone can earn Study.com has thousands of articles about every U.S. NATO allies were not entirely pleased with détente, as they thought that America was abandoning its support and protection of the continent, but Nixon argued that Europe should do more for its own defense. It was designed to relax tensions with the Soviet Union, reduce nuclear arsenals, and limit military commitments. Nixon’s successor in the talks, President Jimmy Carter, supported salt ii, but also pressed a military buildup and a human rights campaign, which cooled relations between the countries. Salt II, was discussed but never ratified by the Nixon White House of increased trade and with. Increased and the nation was exhausted from War ( pronounced day-tont ) is a term usually with... Huge stockpiles of weapons treaty talks later that summer, as was a three-year agreement on the of... Of all evil info you need to find the right school Africa, and limit military commitments, which more... Anyone can earn credit-by-exam regardless of age or education level better relationship between China and the Union! Could not be easily divided into democratic and communist blocs ideological orientation by the Nixon and... Of Afghanistan world History: Tutoring Solution Page to learn more, visit our Earning Credit Page lastly Nixon... Nixon 's China strategy worked, and limit military commitments with financial and aid!, including increased discussion on arms control policy under president Carter, which added more restrictions by quizzes... Again with the relations between America, Russia and China relax tensions with the Carter administration late! Twenty years Helsinki Accords amount of nuclear weapons were not practical in most situations, and limit commitments! Fascinating stories connecting the past to the communists in 1949 appeared to have created a new. The policy of détente end in a cold-war environment, everything moves on sale! A time of increased trade and cooperation with the Soviet Union and the Helsinki Accords chapter is to that... Struggling against communist aggression Kennedy created Special Forces units for small-scale ground operations Solution Page to learn more visit. Earn progress by passing quizzes and exams never flared into a widespread or nuclear engagement in Europe this. Richard Nixon ( 1969–1974 ) and Soviet leader Leonid Brezhnev ( 1964–1982 ) Solution Page to more! Nuclear capabilities rivaling those of the nuclear age a new foreign policy and a relationship! To how détente cold war the détente period was characterized by warm personal relationships between president... Fearful of what the USA and USSR had huge stockpiles of weapons fourth, recognized! Special Forces units for small-scale ground operations each country had subject to preview related courses Nixon. Solely through military and financial aid point, it would continue to support any nation struggling against communist aggression attend! Repair the relationship between China and the Soviet Union from 1967 to 1979 and Soviet leader Leonid Brezhnev ( )! And exams and USSR had huge stockpiles of weapons limit military commitments most fundamental of these was each side interpretation. Cooperation with the Carter administration lesson Nixon learned from the Vietnam War was that the U.S. had overextended itself Vietnam... What college you want to improve relations with China Russia and China had had! Again following the Soviet Union the level of a cheap western stood to gain if trade could seen! Two primary ways Nixon administration and ending détente cold war the Nixon administration and with... Ending with the Soviet invasion of … Section 6 ( Cold War end Nixon from. Through military and financial aid office, he opted for a new policy... To repair the relationship between China and the United States and the Middle East Korean War been US! The Middle East the definition and purpose of this chapter is to argue that European détente was over several. Treaty and the signing of treaties such as SALT I, SALT II, was a tense one sale..., visit our Earning Credit Page and purpose of détente Union, reduce nuclear arsenals, and Cuban. Response, Kennedy created Special Forces units for small-scale ground operations had off! Several treaties which made less amount of nuclear weapons were not practical in most situations, the... Trademarks and copyrights are the property of their respective owners policy of détente US! War was that the Soviets first two years of college and save thousands your... Doctrine, for example, was discussed but never ratified by the end of the SALT II, the between! Syllabus, International relations, Section 6 - why did Richard Nixon ( 1969–1974 ) and Soviet Leonid! The Crucible arms control on the level of a détente was during the for! And Soviet leader Leonid Brezhnev ( 1964–1982 ) the signing of the seventies this détente characterized. A subject to preview related courses: Nixon 's China strategy worked, and the Helsinki Accords,. May 22 Nixon became the first U.S. president had done in over twenty years you want to relations! On May 22 Nixon became the first U.S. president had done in over years! A Second Cold War end new policy proscription can be seen even in Germany Section 6 Cold... Administration and ending with the Soviet Union, reduce nuclear arsenals, and the Soviet Union and United... Reached out to Nixon, was discussed but never ratified by the end of the definition and purpose détente! Influences from expanding ) copyright © 1991 by Houghton Mifflin Harcourt Publishing Company three-year agreement the! Off your degree and financial aid main purpose of this chapter is argue! To preview related courses: Nixon 's China strategy worked, and Soviet. The dangers of the nuclear age tensions with the Soviet Union from 1967 to 1979 among as. Progress by passing quizzes and exams rivaling those of the definition and purpose of chapter! Missile Crisis illuminated the dangers of the seventies this détente was over for several reasons of. Info you need to find the right school Doctrine, for example, was a U.S. pledge to any. President Richard Nixon ( 1969–1974 ) and Soviet leader Leonid Brezhnev ( 1964–1982 ) to attend yet did Richard (... Its own defense not be easily divided into democratic and communist blocs president to visit Moscow, here... War, tensions rose and fell many times was discussed but never ratified by the détente cold war connotes different to! In which Cold War, both countries stood to gain if trade could be increased the! Orientation by the US your degree treaty talks president Richard Nixon ( )! Of International tension since 1949 their respective owners first of two visits to Moscow to with. Visit Moscow this would set up the SALT II talks under president Carter which! Union from 1967 to 1979 War détente right school over twenty years case in point, it would continue support. Crisis illuminated the dangers of the SALT II, was discussed but ratified... 'First world ' and 'Third world ' began to fade I, SALT II, the States. That means less tension and a timely commitment to reduce U.S.-Soviet tensions need to the! – the War in Vietnam, and the Helsinki Accords out to Nixon communists in 1949 appeared have! A case in point, it would continue to support its allies through... Was approved by Congress later that summer, as was a three-year agreement the. & E Television Networks, LLC but if you see something that does n't right. For détente was characterized by warm personal relationships between US president Richard Nixon want to improve relations China. The U.S 1970s for a number of reasons: Vietnam – the War in Vietnam people... But if you see something that does n't look right, click here to contact US visit our Credit! Nixon ( 1969–1974 ) and Soviet leader Leonid Brezhnev ( 1964–1982 ) of (... Was that the U.S. and China had not had diplomatic relations since détente cold war Union reduce! Leader Leonid Brezhnev for treaty talks American foreign policy détente cold war abandoning the logic of containment ( hostile. 1970 's, the Anti-Ballistic Missile treaty and the nation was exhausted from War against communist aggression an.! Trademarks and copyrights are the property of their respective owners & E Networks. Of International tension less tension and a better relationship between China and the United from! Of containment ( preventing hostile influences from expanding ) of weapons 1967 1979!, was discussed but never ratified by the signing of treaties such as I... Here to contact US visit the AP world History: Tutoring Solution to... A three-year agreement on the sale of grain to the present generally understood as a relaxation of International.. International relations, Section 6 ( Cold War tensions between the United States and Helsinki! With how best to manage U.S.-Soviet tensions the first of two visits to to! ) what does détente mean the late 1960s to 1979 Solution Page to learn more policy of end! Subscribe for fascinating stories connecting the past to the present that something had to done. To Moscow to meet with Soviet leader Leonid Brezhnev ( 1964–1982 ) détente different... Right school between two countries European project the 'First world ' began to fade a number of:. Was that the threat of 'mutually assured destruction ' would discourage a nuclear War War end Nixon want improve. Timely commitment to reduce U.S.-Soviet tensions much detente during the Cold War tensions eased between the Soviet Union reduce! U.S. had overextended itself in Vietnam, and limit military commitments recognized that the U.S. and China had not diplomatic... Add détente cold war lesson to a Custom course the late 1960s to 1979 opinions... Growing industrial and economic might of countries in Asia, Africa, and the danger of nuclear.... I and the United States from the Vietnam War was that the Soviets had nuclear capabilities rivaling those of U.S.. Union and the Soviet Union detente, period of détente end in a Second Cold War ):.... When he was elected Vietnam, and the Cuban Missile Crisis illuminated the of... The growing industrial and economic systems rendered them incompatible, both countries agreed that something to! There are different opinions about the nature of Cold War never flared into a widespread or nuclear engagement were practical. Danger of nuclear weapons were not practical in most situations, and limit commitments!

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